Tiger is the national animal of India. It belongs to the largest member of the cat family. They are mainly found in India, China, Indonesia, Russia, and Siberia. Genetically 4.4 percentages of tigers DNA matches with domestic cat. The female tiger gives birth to two or four cubs and take care of it till it reaches one year old. Their average life span is 8 to 10 years in wild. They have bright golden colored fur with black stripes and its belly is white. The black strikes are seen most of the body extending to the white underside. The tiger has no mane. The stripes keep them camouflaged while hunting.
Tiger lives in -40 degree Celsius at Siberia and Asian Tiger of Mangrove Sundarbans lives at a temperature of 40 degree Celsius. Every Tiger has a unique pattern in stripes. Tigers are carnivores and feed large mammals such as deer, wild pig, monkeys, etc. They hunt on night. And they eat up to 80 pounds of meat. Generally they avoid hunting large animals like elephant and water buffalo but occasionally we hear news that they attacked larger animals.
They wander alone apart from association between mother and offspring. The territory is based by the availability of prey and it is marked by urine, feces, rakes, scrapes and roaring. They make territory markings in trees, rocks and in bushes. They also scratch the tree barks for its territory marking and sharpening its nails. They love water and they swim well. Their tail is used to balance the body during its movement. Tigers are illegally hunted for their skin. Their body parts are used in traditional medicines. Despite various protection laws, the population of tigers is decreasing day by day.